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Chapter 11 Test  T

Matching
 
 
Match the following terms and identifying phrases.
A.
Building information modeling (BIM)
B.
Daylighting
C.
Dioxins
D.
Ecosystem
E.
Geothermal energy
F.
Gray water
G.
Green building
H.
Greenwashing
I.
Net zero energy building
J.
Nonrenewable energy source
K.
Persistent bioaccumulative toxicants (PBTs)
L.
Reclaiming
M.
Recycling
N.
Renewable energy source
O.
Semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs)
P.
Solar harvesting
Q.
Sustainability
 

 1. 

A process that works toward sustainability by striving to use materials and processes more efficiently, while reducing pollution and causing as little damage to the environment as possible.
 

 2. 

Fossil fuel.
 

 3. 

A family of chemicals that are environmental pollutants and are also among the most carcinogenic (cancer-causing) chemicals known.
 

 4. 

Water that has been used in baths, showers, clothes washers, and bathroom sink.
 

 5. 

Salvaging.
 

 6. 

Energy from heat within the Earth.
 

 7. 

Collecting sunlight and converting it to electrical power or thermal energy.
 

 8. 

False claims that advertise a product as green or environmentally friendly when in fact, it is not.
 

 9. 

Electricity or other forms of energy from continually replenished sources.
 

 10. 

A structure that produces as much energy per year as it consumes.
 

 11. 

A process that utilizes software tools to streamline building design, analysis, and management.
 

 12. 

Similar to VOCs, but they release vapor much more slowly.
 

 13. 

The interaction of plants and animals with each other and the environment.
 

 14. 

Using materials over and over again.
 

 15. 

Meeting the needs of humans for food, housing, and other needs and wants, without using up resources that cannot be replaced, and without affecting the environment negatively.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 16. 

Green building strives to ____.
A.
reduce pollution
B.
use materials and processes more efficiently
C.
cause as little damage to the environment as possible
D.
All of the above.
 

 17. 

____ is recovered as a byproduct of coal-burning energy plants and can be used to make concrete.
A.
Volatile organic compounds
B.
Rubber
C.
Gray water
D.
Fly ash
 

 18. 

Relatively green alternatives to PVC include ____.
A.
polypropylene
B.
some thermoplastics
C.
polyethylene
D.
All of the above.
 

 19. 

Changing the site contour affects patterns of ____ for the building site and the land surrounding it.
A.
prevailing winds
B.
water runoff
C.
bird migration
D.
None of the above.
 

 20. 

The design stage of building a home is critical to its long-term ____.
A.
financing
B.
resale cost
C.
sustainability
D.
maintenance costs
 

 21. 

One of the basic principles of designing a net zero building is relying completely on renewable ____ sources.
A.
energy
B.
propane
C.
gas
D.
electric
 

 22. 

Dioxins and heavy metals are known as ____.
A.
semi-volatile organic compounds
B.
volatile organic compounds
C.
persistent bioaccumulative toxicants
D.
All of the above.
 

 23. 

Which of the following is not an element of sustainable building design?
A.
Improved energy choices and use
B.
Water conservation and protection
C.
Use of nonrenewable materials
D.
Adaptability to meet multiple purposes
 

 24. 

Gray water is water than has been used in ____.
A.
baths
B.
toilets
C.
kitchen sinks
D.
dishwashers
 

 25. 

The concept of sustainability includes ____.
A.
meeting the needs of humans for food, housing, and other needs and wants
B.
not affecting the environment negatively
C.
not using up resources than cannot be replaced
D.
All of the above.
 

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 26. 

An effort to achieve one goal of sustainability often causes a negative impact in other ways.
 

 27. 

The terms sustainability and green building mean the same thing.
 

 28. 

A home must be a net zero energy to be considered truly sustainable.
 

 29. 

Earth contains an unlimited supply of fresh water.
 

 30. 

Nonrenewable energy resources include solar and wind power.
 

 31. 

Xeriscaping is landscaping using only native plants or plants that are appropriate for the local climate and ecosystem.
 

 32. 

Sustainability was achieved in the 20th century.
 

 33. 

ENERGY STAR home certification is based entirely on energy efficiency.
 

 34. 

Green building is not as ambitious as sustainability.
 

 35. 

Reclaimed building materials are salvaged from buildings that are being torn down and from other sources.
 

 36. 

Site selection should be done after a house is designed.
 



 
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