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Chapter 11 Test  L

Matching
 
 
Match the following terms and identifying phrases.
A.
Building information modeling (BIM)
B.
Daylighting
C.
Dioxins
D.
Ecosystem
E.
Geothermal energy
F.
Gray water
G.
Green building
H.
Greenwashing
I.
Net zero energy building
J.
Nonrenewable energy source
K.
Persistent bioaccumulative toxicants (PBTs)
L.
Reclaiming
M.
Recycling
N.
Renewable energy source
O.
Semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs)
P.
Solar harvesting
Q.
Sustainability
 

 1. 

Electricity or other forms of energy from continually replenished sources.
 

 2. 

A process that works toward sustainability by striving to use materials and processes more efficiently, while reducing pollution and causing as little damage to the environment as possible.
 

 3. 

Fossil fuel.
 

 4. 

A process that utilizes software tools to streamline building design, analysis, and management.
 

 5. 

A family of chemicals that are environmental pollutants and are also among the most carcinogenic (cancer-causing) chemicals known.
 

 6. 

Using materials over and over again.
 

 7. 

False claims that advertise a product as green or environmentally friendly when in fact, it is not.
 

 8. 

Energy from heat within the Earth.
 

 9. 

Collecting sunlight and converting it to electrical power or thermal energy.
 

 10. 

Water that has been used in baths, showers, clothes washers, and bathroom sink.
 

 11. 

Salvaging.
 

 12. 

A structure that produces as much energy per year as it consumes.
 

 13. 

Similar to VOCs, but they release vapor much more slowly.
 

 14. 

Meeting the needs of humans for food, housing, and other needs and wants, without using up resources that cannot be replaced, and without affecting the environment negatively.
 

 15. 

The interaction of plants and animals with each other and the environment.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 16. 

Gray water is water than has been used in ____.
A.
dishwashers
B.
toilets
C.
kitchen sinks
D.
baths
 

 17. 

____ is recovered as a byproduct of coal-burning energy plants and can be used to make concrete.
A.
Volatile organic compounds
B.
Fly ash
C.
Rubber
D.
Gray water
 

 18. 

Changing the site contour affects patterns of ____ for the building site and the land surrounding it.
A.
water runoff
B.
bird migration
C.
prevailing winds
D.
None of the above.
 

 19. 

Relatively green alternatives to PVC include ____.
A.
polypropylene
B.
polyethylene
C.
some thermoplastics
D.
All of the above.
 

 20. 

One of the basic principles of designing a net zero building is relying completely on renewable ____ sources.
A.
gas
B.
propane
C.
electric
D.
energy
 

 21. 

The design stage of building a home is critical to its long-term ____.
A.
financing
B.
sustainability
C.
resale cost
D.
maintenance costs
 

 22. 

Green building strives to ____.
A.
cause as little damage to the environment as possible
B.
use materials and processes more efficiently
C.
reduce pollution
D.
All of the above.
 

 23. 

Which of the following is not an element of sustainable building design?
A.
Improved energy choices and use
B.
Adaptability to meet multiple purposes
C.
Use of nonrenewable materials
D.
Water conservation and protection
 

 24. 

The concept of sustainability includes ____.
A.
meeting the needs of humans for food, housing, and other needs and wants
B.
not affecting the environment negatively
C.
not using up resources than cannot be replaced
D.
All of the above.
 

 25. 

Dioxins and heavy metals are known as ____.
A.
semi-volatile organic compounds
B.
persistent bioaccumulative toxicants
C.
volatile organic compounds
D.
All of the above.
 

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 26. 

An effort to achieve one goal of sustainability often causes a negative impact in other ways.
 

 27. 

Green building is not as ambitious as sustainability.
 

 28. 

Earth contains an unlimited supply of fresh water.
 

 29. 

Xeriscaping is landscaping using only native plants or plants that are appropriate for the local climate and ecosystem.
 

 30. 

ENERGY STAR home certification is based entirely on energy efficiency.
 

 31. 

Reclaimed building materials are salvaged from buildings that are being torn down and from other sources.
 

 32. 

Site selection should be done after a house is designed.
 

 33. 

The terms sustainability and green building mean the same thing.
 

 34. 

A home must be a net zero energy to be considered truly sustainable.
 

 35. 

Nonrenewable energy resources include solar and wind power.
 

 36. 

Sustainability was achieved in the 20th century.
 



 
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