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Chapter 2 Test D

Short Answer - ANSWER THREE
 

 1. 

List the four basic designs that a residential home designer has to choose from.
 

 2. 

List the three basic variations of the split-level home design.
 

 3. 

Without proper design and planning, heating can be a problem in a split-level design. What steps may be taken to solve the problem?
 

 4. 

Which variation of the split-level design is most suitable for a lot that is high in front and low in back?
 

 5. 

List five factors a designer should consider when deciding on a design for a client.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 6. 

The amount of ____ space in an attic is determined by the width and height of the house.
A.
uninhabitable
B.
storage
C.
habitable
D.
None of the above.
 

 7. 

Which of the following best describes a two-story design?
A.
It is possible to expand living space into the attic.
B.
It is built on one level, allowing patios, porches, and terraces to be built outside any room.
C.
Little hall space is needed and the sleeping, living, and service areas are on different levels.
D.
It is economical to build and has a smaller footprint with the same amount of interior space.
 

 8. 

Which of the following is a feature of the one-story ranch design?
A.
Economical to build.
B.
Minimal heating costs.
C.
Limited hall space.
D.
Easily adapted to indoor-outdoor living.
 

 9. 

One disadvantage of a two-story house is that ____.
A.
it is more costly to heat because of the heights
B.
the second floor is too far from the furnace
C.
general exterior maintenance is usually more difficult and costly
D.
it has little resale value
 

 10. 

Which of the following is a disadvantage of the one-and-one-half-story design?
A.
Costs more than other designs to build.
B.
Stairs, dormers, and complicated roofs add to building costs.
C.
No room for expansion.
D.
Free movement of air among all levels of the house increases heating and cooling costs.
 

 11. 

One-and-one-half-story homes generally have ____ to enhance the look of the exterior and to provide light and additional usable space in the attic area.
A.
picture windows
B.
glass sliding doors
C.
skylights
D.
dormers
 

 12. 

Which of the following house designs takes advantage of a sloping or hilly lot?
A.
One-story ranch design.
B.
Two-story design.
C.
Split-level design.
D.
One-and-one-half-story design.
 

 13. 

The design goal of the ____ house is to merge architecture with land to create a visually pleasing and balanced design.
A.
split-level
B.
one-story
C.
one-and-one-half-story
D.
two-story
 

 14. 

A ____ basement has an entry that provides access to the outdoors.
A.
half
B.
full
C.
walkout
D.
daylight
 

 15. 

In the ____ split-level home design, the house looks like a ranch in the front and a two-story structure from the back.
A.
front-to-back
B.
reversed split-level
C.
side-by-side
D.
back-to-front
 

 16. 

The reason that a ranch design is generally more expensive to build than a two-story home of the same square footage is that ____.
A.
it requires more roof area and more foundation length
B.
it requires more windows and doors
C.
a building permit for a ranch home is more costly
D.
builders do not like to build ranch homes
 

 17. 

Why is outside maintenance generally easy on a one-story ranch design?
A.
Low building height.
B.
Small outside wall area.
C.
Built on a sloping lot.
D.
All of the above.
 

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 18. 

Compared to the two-story house, the ranch house is more economical to build.
 

 19. 

One chief advantage of the two story design is that it lends itself to indoor-outdoor living.
 

 20. 

Electrical wiring and plumbing in the one-story house are comparatively economical.
 

 21. 

The general arrangement of the split-level house separates sleeping, living, and recreation areas on different levels.
 

 22. 

The split-level house was conceived for hilly sites.
 

 23. 

The ranch design may have a full basement or crawl space.
 

 24. 

The shotgun house is a traditional style from the southern United States.
 

 25. 

Ranch homes generally require a considerable amount of hall space.
 



 
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