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Chapter 2 Test A

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The reason that a ranch design is generally more expensive to build than a two-story home of the same square footage is that ____.
A.
it requires more roof area and more foundation length
B.
it requires more windows and doors
C.
builders do not like to build ranch homes
D.
a building permit for a ranch home is more costly
 

 2. 

One-and-one-half-story homes generally have ____ to enhance the look of the exterior and to provide light and additional usable space in the attic area.
A.
skylights
B.
glass sliding doors
C.
picture windows
D.
dormers
 

 3. 

One disadvantage of a two-story house is that ____.
A.
it is more costly to heat because of the heights
B.
it has little resale value
C.
general exterior maintenance is usually more difficult and costly
D.
the second floor is too far from the furnace
 

 4. 

In the ____ split-level home design, the house looks like a ranch in the front and a two-story structure from the back.
A.
back-to-front
B.
front-to-back
C.
side-by-side
D.
reversed split-level
 

 5. 

Which of the following is a feature of the one-story ranch design?
A.
Minimal heating costs.
B.
Economical to build.
C.
Easily adapted to indoor-outdoor living.
D.
Limited hall space.
 

 6. 

Why is outside maintenance generally easy on a one-story ranch design?
A.
Small outside wall area.
B.
Low building height.
C.
Built on a sloping lot.
D.
All of the above.
 

 7. 

The amount of ____ space in an attic is determined by the width and height of the house.
A.
uninhabitable
B.
habitable
C.
storage
D.
None of the above.
 

 8. 

Which of the following is a disadvantage of the one-and-one-half-story design?
A.
Costs more than other designs to build.
B.
Stairs, dormers, and complicated roofs add to building costs.
C.
Free movement of air among all levels of the house increases heating and cooling costs.
D.
No room for expansion.
 

 9. 

Which of the following best describes a two-story design?
A.
Little hall space is needed and the sleeping, living, and service areas are on different levels.
B.
It is possible to expand living space into the attic.
C.
It is economical to build and has a smaller footprint with the same amount of interior space.
D.
It is built on one level, allowing patios, porches, and terraces to be built outside any room.
 

 10. 

Which of the following house designs takes advantage of a sloping or hilly lot?
A.
One-story ranch design.
B.
One-and-one-half-story design.
C.
Two-story design.
D.
Split-level design.
 

 11. 

A ____ basement has an entry that provides access to the outdoors.
A.
daylight
B.
walkout
C.
full
D.
half
 

 12. 

The design goal of the ____ house is to merge architecture with land to create a visually pleasing and balanced design.
A.
one-story
B.
one-and-one-half-story
C.
two-story
D.
split-level
 

True/False
Indicate whether the statement is true or false.
 

 13. 

One chief advantage of the two story design is that it lends itself to indoor-outdoor living.
 

 14. 

The ranch design may have a full basement or crawl space.
 

 15. 

Ranch homes generally require a considerable amount of hall space.
 

 16. 

Compared to the two-story house, the ranch house is more economical to build.
 

 17. 

The split-level house was conceived for hilly sites.
 

 18. 

The shotgun house is a traditional style from the southern United States.
 

 19. 

Electrical wiring and plumbing in the one-story house are comparatively economical.
 

 20. 

The general arrangement of the split-level house separates sleeping, living, and recreation areas on different levels.
 

Short Answer - ANSWER THREE
 

 21. 

List the four basic designs that a residential home designer has to choose from.
 

 22. 

List five factors a designer should consider when deciding on a design for a client.
 

 23. 

List the three basic variations of the split-level home design.
 

 24. 

Without proper design and planning, heating can be a problem in a split-level design. What steps may be taken to solve the problem?
 

 25. 

Which variation of the split-level design is most suitable for a lot that is high in front and low in back?
 



 
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